Things to Know About Fruit Tree Pruning

A fruit tree needs unique care to guarantee the production of high-quality fruit and excellent structure. Usually, when it comes to pruning a fruit tree, most people hire a tree care professional since they’re experts in the care and pruning of a huge range of fruit tree species.  

However, if you are more of a DIY person, don’t worry. We are here to help you. If you aren’t planning on hiring Traverse City tree services for your fruit trees, here are several things you should know: 

Basic Fruit Tree Anatomy 

The stubby and short branches where the fruit is made is called the spurs. You have to really take care when pruning to guarantee that there are enough spurs for an excellent production. However, you shouldn’t allow too many spurs since the branch might break under the fruit’s weight. Spurs will develop on older growth.  

Learning to figure out the difference between the 2-year-old growth vs. last year’s growth will also help you choose what cuts to make. If the growth of last year takes the form of a tall shoot, it is known as a sucker. These branches don’t produce fruit and will consume energy from fruit production. That is why it is named suckers. To help improve the size of the fruit, make sure you manage these suckers.  

Simple Steps to Pruning a Fruit Tree 

In general, it’s vital to do the following if you are pruning your fruit tree: 

  • Keep in mind that each pruning cut is considered a wound. Thus, you should guarantee you make every cut for an excellent reason. 
  • Develop an excellent shape for production and picking. Branches that grow horizontally has a tendency to develop more crop. 
  • Get rid of any interfering or diseased branches. 
  • Get rid of the deadwood. 

The Purpose of Fruit Tree Pruning 

Your purpose is to do the following if you are pruning a fruit tree: 

  • Guarantee excellent light penetration and air circulation 
  • Train branches to grow in a desirable form 
  • Promote production of fruit 

The ideal time to prune fruit trees is in early spring or late winter. This is the time where the fruit tree is still dormant. It’s vital not to prune too early since it can damage the tissue of the branches and lead to dehydration. It is ideal to prune right before the tree produces leaves and the buds begin to open.  

Other Considerations to Make 

  • The use of horticultural oil in spring to help avoid different illnesses 
  • Appropriate site planting 
  • Choosing the right fruit trees for your climate 
  • Competition from other plants 
  • Soil structure and quality 

Choosing the right quality of soil for the tree can be a huge element in the success of a tree, especially when it comes to fruit trees. The reason for this is that rich soil has the possibility to drastically improve the production of fruit.  

To make things simple, you can guarantee that your fruit tree stays healthy if you prune it every spring. This also ensures an excellent production of fruit in the fall.